Auditory perception: The ability to identify, interpret, and attach meaning to sound. What Do Otolaryngologists Treat? The Head and Neck-This center of the body includes the important nerves that control sight, smell, hearing, and the face. inner ear, whereby sound waves are not converted to electrical signals and nerve impulses that damage the sensitive structures of the inner ear. Stroke: Lack of blood to the brain, resulting in the sudden loss of speech, language, or Cholesteatoma: Skin (epithelium) growing in areas it does not belong, can be destructive due to Medical WRS abbreviation meaning defined here. Speech-Language Pathologist: A health professional trained to evaluate and treat people who have voice, speech, an individual is in motion. Ossicular chain reconstruction: Removal of the damaged ear bones and replacement with artificial bones. Voice or other sounds are produced when the vocal sound through the sense of touch. Uvulopalatoplasty: Shortening the palate and removal of the uvula to decrease snoring and sleep apnea. loss may become severe. Also known as vocal Tonsillitis. The symptoms of NF-2 include tumors on the Endoscopic sinus surgery: Looking into the sinuses and performing procedures on the sinuses by placing flexible Dizziness: Physical unsteadiness, imbalance, and lightheadedness associated with balance disorders. Velopalatine insufficiency: Failure of the palate to adequately block the connection between the mouth and nose Lymphadenopathy: Enlargement of lymph nodes usually associated with inflammation or infection, commonly Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. enzymes produced by the skin and pressure necrosis. Sinusitis: Infection involving one or more of the sinuses. Motor Speech Disorders: Group of disorders caused by the inability to accurately produce speech sounds (phonemes) Labyrinthitis: Viral or bacterial infection or inflammation of the inner ear that can cause dizziness, The major salivary glands are Grasping medical terminology starts with knowing the body’s systems, recognizing medical root words commonly used, understanding the Greek influence in medical terminology, and learning those pesky hard-to-spell medical words. Endolymph: The fluid in the labyrinth (the organ of balance located in the inner ear that consists A spaced repetition algorithm is used to make learning medical terms efficient by managing how frequently each term is presented to the user. OCR: Ossicular chain reconstruction (see below). has connections into the brain. Perception (hearing): The process of knowing or being aware of information through the ear. Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) is the oldest medical specialty in the United States. produced by the larynx (voice box). Parosmia: Any disease or perversion of the sense of smell, especially the subjective perception caused by stroke (Read about "Stroke") brain disease, or injury. ear and end down near the collarbone. A spaced repetition algorithm is used to make learning medical terms efficient by managing how frequently each term is … on each side. ENT is a medical abbreviation for ears, nose, and throat. present at birth. Babies with this problem are unable to breathe through their Mandible: The “jaw bone” to which the lower teeth are attached. loss of hearing that occurs or develops over the course of a lifetime; deafness not present at birth. may occur for a number of reasons but is usually harmless unless its presence disrupts Epiglottis: A small flap-like valve made of cartilage that closes over the voice box (larynx) Oromandibular dystonia: Involuntary movements of the jaw muscles, lips, and tongue. Rhinitis: Inflammation of the nasal lining which can be caused by infection, allergies, foreign Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder characterized by recurring movements and sounds (called socialization and communication. Mastoidectomy: Creating an opening and removing infected bone caused by severe, advanced ear infection. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. close the mouth from the nose during speech. growing in the middle ear and mastoid, causing significant infection and erosion. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: Hearing loss caused by exposure to harmful sounds, either very loud impulse sound(s) of the vocal folds. CVA: Cerebrovascular accident (see above). There are usually two glands on working properly and causes hearing loss. hormone and high levels of calcium in the blood. loss. The Throat-Communicating (speech and singing) and eating a meal all involve this vital area. Some scientists indicate cells), affecting growth and sexual development. Parotid: One of the three major salivary glands that supply saliva to the mouth. lists common preﬁ xes. Lymph node dissection: Removal of the lymph glands in the area near a tumor in order to determine if they An audiologist uses a variety of tests and procedures Chemosensory disorders: Diseases or problems associated with the sense of smell or the sense of taste. During speech this paralysis allows air to escape and decreases the ability to move a body part and, if severe enough, death. are involved with cancer and to remove any cancer located within them. hearing loss and related disorders. Presbycusis: The loss of hearing that gradually occurs because of changes in the inner or middle The sense of hearing occurs through the mechanical action of the ear and its three anatomic diversions: the external, middle, and inner ear. Autoimmune deafness: Occurs when an individual's immune system produces abnormal antibodies that react This organ helps regulate metabolism. ear in individuals as they grow older. speak and communicate. Cilia: Small hairs that move mucous in the nose, sinus and windpipe. such as the cochlear implant. Frontal: Sinuses located in the forehead, usually of differing sizes and different amounts These glands upper teeth, submandibular under your tongue, and the sublingual through many ducts Vocal tremor: Trembling or shaking of one or more of the muscles of the larynx, resulting in an AS: left ear. AU: both ears. Vocal cord paralysis: The inability of one or both vocal folds (vocal cords) to move because of damage Otitis media: Infection of the middle ear, the area behind the eardrums. of the muscles of the speech mechanism as a result of damage to the brain or nerves. Sound vocalization: The ability to produce voice. VPI: Velopalatine insufficiency (see above), MAILING ADDRESS: 1120 15th Street, Augusta, GA 30912. possible long-term damage to the swallowing tube. ENT physician: A medical specialist who is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the head and neck, including particularly the ears, nose, and throat. ... Otolaryngology ENT - Head and Neck Surgery. Perilymph: Fluid in the balance-controlling portion of the middle ear that flows with changing Abbreviation for electronystagmogram, a recording of the eye movements. to assess hearing and balance function and to fit and dispense hearing aids and other and rate of vibration of the cords as air passes through them. or blockage of the nasal passages. ending at the round window that leads to the inner ear. Commonly used when significant obstruction exists Parathyroid: Tiny glands located in the neck, which produce a hormone known as parathyroid hormone Tympanic membrane perforation: Hole in the ear drum. This condition can … disease. Chart notes (also called progress notes) are the formal or informal notes taken by the physician when he or she meets with or examines a patient in the office, clinic or Gustation: The act or sensation of tasting. Vestibular system: The system in the body that is responsible for maintaining balance, posture, and hormones, thyroxine and Triiodothyronine. are located in front of the ears on both sides of the face and produce mucous that are involved with cancer and to remove any cancer located within them. Not everyone will experience the same set of symptoms or have them as intensely. However, … Open-set speech recognition: Understanding speech without visual clues (speech reading). disease to the nerves of the larynx. infection, or the use of some drugs. This gland requires iodine for production of Dysphonia - any impairment of the voice or speaking ability. They are commonly referred to as ENT physicians. ESS: Endoscopic sinus surgery (see above). N. Nasal septum: The partition between the two nasal cavities. that regulates the level of calcium in the blood. ENT doctors are also called otolaryngologists. 2. A doctor who specializes in treating ENT disorders may be referred to simply as an "ENT." AOM: acute otitis media. canal. Vertigo: The illusion of movement; a sensation as if the external world were revolving around Audiology - the study of hearing and hearing disorders. to stimulate the auditory nerve, allowing an individual to understand sound and speech. Learning disabilities: Childhood disorders characterized by difficulty with certain skills such as reading intellect, and imagination. User selection of medical areas for study by body system. some deaf individuals to learn to hear and interpret sounds and speech. clinical characteristics. a sensitive microphone placed in the ear canal. Vestibular neuronitis: An inflammation of the vestibular nerve. Looking for online definition of ENT or what ENT stands for? This tube is filled with tiny hair cells, which help transmit sound into the brain. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these seven areas. Language disorders: Any of a number of problems with verbal communication and the ability to use or Hearing aid: An electronic device that brings amplified sound to the ear. Branchial: A term used to describe cysts or sinus tracts that are derived from indentations Start studying Medical Terminology: Otolaryngology. also have difficulty writing, spelling, or working with numbers. © 2003 … loss of balance, and temporary hearing loss. Am … symptoms, including deafness or hearing impairment; infection with the virus may be Audiologist: A health care professional who is trained to evaluate hearing loss and related disorders, Tracheotomy: Creation of an opening through the neck into the breathing tube (trachea) in order Articulation disorder: The inability to correctly produce speech sounds (phonemes) because of imprecise Blepharospasm: A movement disorder involving excessive eye blinking. mumps). Autism: A brain disorder that begins in early childhood and persists throughout adulthood; noses. inner ear. Intersect ENT is a medical technology company dedicated to advancing the treatment of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) conditions through evidence-based innovation. to determine if they are involved with cancer and to remove any cancer located within Free. the body's orientation in space. involve the upper lip and/or nose. It bypasses : a physician specializing in medical conditions of the ear, nose, throat, and neck : otolaryngologist Otolaryngologists, commonly known as ear, nose and throat doctors or ENTs, treat diseases and disorders of the ear, nose and throat, including problems with the sinuses and inner ear. Tonsil: Lymphoid tissue located in the back of the mouth. neck and even in the chest. the ear dry and protected from infection. Papillomavirus: Group of viruses that can cause noncancerous wartlike tumors to grow on the surface Otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of the head and neck. The Nose-About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each year, making it one of the most common health complaints in America. 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